Home Page 

Dr. Reut Itzkovitch-Malka, Lecturer

Contact Info

The Open University of Israel Department of Sociology, Political Science and Communication One University Road P.O.B. 808 Ra’anana 4353701, Israel
Office:972-9-778-2135 Email:reutim@openu.ac.il

Additional Information

PERSONAL WEBSITE: https://reutitzko.com

Resume
Download CV

Reut Itzkovitch-Malka is an Assistant Professor in political science, in the Department of Sociology, Political Science and Communication, the Open University of Israel. Prior to joining the Open University, she was a postdoctoral fellow at the Center on Democracy, Development and the Rule of Law, at Stanford University (2014-2015).


Her main research interests are political representation, gender and politics, legislative behavior, party politics and electoral politics. She completed her PhD in the Department of Political Science at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 2014. Her doctoral dissertation focused on elected representatives’ perceptions of representation and their effect on legislative behavior. Her current research deals with, among others, the gender gap in voting, women’s substantive representation, and the effect of coalition considerations on vote choice.

2009-2014
PhD, Department of Political Science, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
Dissertation Title “Perceptions of Representation Employed by Elected Representatives: A Top-Down Analysis.” Supervisor: Prof. Reuven Y. Hazan.
Committee members: Prof. Matthew S. Shugart (UC Davis), Prof. Gideon Rahat (HUJI).
2007-2009
MA (Summa Cum Laude) Department of Political Science, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
2004-2007
BA (Magna Cum Laude) Political Science and Jewish History, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
2015-
Lecturer, Department of Sociology, Political Science and Communication, The Open University of Israel.
2014-2015
Postdoctoral Fellow, Center on Democracy, Development and the Rule of Law, Stanford University. Host: Prof. Larry Diamond.
Title of research project “Back to Square One? Reestablishing the Relationship between Representative Role Perceptions and Legislative Behavior.”
2015-
Research Associate- The Open University Research Institute for Policy Analysis
2012-2015
Research fellow in the “Gender and Politics: The Gender Gap in Voting” project, Van-Leer Institute, Jerusalem.
2009-2015
Research fellow in the “The Forum for Political Reform in Israel” project, Israel Democracy Institute, Jerusalem.

Fellowships:
2015-2016  Lady Davis Post Doctoral Fellowship, The Hebrew University (Declined)

2014-2016  Israel Institute Post Doctoral Fellowship (51,000$ per year, second year declined)

2009-2013  The Hebrew University of Jerusalem President’s Fellowship for exceptional doctoral students (55,000$)

2009            The Prat Foundation Fellowship for excellent research students, Department of Political Science (1,000$)

2007-2009  The Hebrew University Rector’s Fellowship for outstanding MA students (15,000$)

Awards:
2015 The Israeli Political Science Association Commendation for Doctoral Thesis Excellence in 2015

2015 The Tal Foundation Prize for best research paper (3,000$)

2012  The Nancy and Lawrence Glick Prize for excellent research paper (1,000$)

2007  The Max Kampelman Prize for best analytical seminar paper (1500 NIS)

2007  The Political Science Department Award for highest academic achievements in BA studies (1500 NIS)

2017  Israel Science Foundation (ISF) individual research grant (#554/17) for the project “The Substantive Representation of Women in Israel: A Framework for Analysis, and the Normative and Empirical Consequences for Israeli Democracy” (435,000 NIS for 3 years)

2013  The Konrad Adenauer Foundation Research Grant on European Parties (4,000$)

Itzkovitch-Malka, Reut, Shaul R. Shenhav, Gideon Rahat and Reuven Y. Hazan. 2019. “The Collective Memory of Dominant Parties in Parliamentary Discourse.” Party Politics DOI: 10.1177/1354068819860136

Itzkovitch-Malka, Reut and Chen Friedberg. 2018. “Gendering Security: The Substantive Representation of Women in the Israeli Parliament.” European Journal of Women's Studies 25 (4): 419-439,

Itzkovitch-Malka, Reut and Reuven Y. Hazan. 2017. “Unpacking Party Unity: The Combined Effects of Electoral Systems and Candidate Selection Methods on Legislative Attitudes and Behavioral Norms.” Political Studies 65 (2): 452-474.

Rahat, Gideon and Reut Itzkovitch-Malka. 2012. “Political Representation in Israel: Minority Sectors vs. Women.” Representation 48 (3): 307-319.

Hazan, Reuven Y. and Reut Itzkovitch-Malka. Forthcoming. “Parliamentarians and Party Groups: The Role of Intra-party Cohesion,” in Robert Rohrschneider and Jacques Thomassen (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Representation. New York: Oxford University Press.

Itzkovitch-Malka, Reut. Forthcoming. “Gender in Israel,” in Reuven Y. Hazan, Alan Dowty, Menachem Hofnung and Gideon Rahat (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Israeli Politics and Society. New York: Oxford University Press.

Itzkovitch-Malka, Reut and Chen Friedberg. 2019. “The Representation of Women in Israel: A Century of Political Involvement,” in Tan, Netina, Mona Lena Krook and Susan Francheschet (eds.), Global Handbook on Women’s Political Rights. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Itzkovitch-Malka, Reut. 2018. “Women in Israel: Political Representation as a Mirror to Gender (in)Equality, ” in Joel Peters and Rob Pinfold (eds.), Understanding Israel: Political, Social and Security Challenges. New York: Routledge.

Hazan, Reuven Y. and Reut Itzkovitch-Malka. 2018. “Mind the Gap: The Effects of Inter- and Intra-Party Competition on Legislative Unity,” in Robert G. Boatright (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Primary Elections. New York: Routledge.

Hazan, Reuven Y., Reut Itzkovitch-Malka and Gideon Rahat. 2018. “Electoral Systems in Context: Israel,” in Erik Herron, Robert Pekkanen and Mathew S. Shugart (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Electoral Systems. New York: Oxford University Press.

Konstantinov, Viacheslav and Reut Itzkovitch-Malka. 2017. “Immigrants from the Former Soviet Union and Israeli Politics - at a Crossroads,” in Michal Shamir and Gideon Rahat (eds.), The Elections in Israel 2015. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

Van Vonno, Cynthia, Reut Itzkovitch-Malka, Sam Depauw, Rudy B. Andeweg and Reuven Y. Hazan. 2014. “Agreement, Loyalty and Discipline: A Sequential Approach to Party Unity,” in Kris Deschouwer and Sam Depauw (eds.), Representing the People: A Survey Among Members of Statewide and Sub-state Parliaments. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 110-136.

Itzkovitch-Malka, Reut and Assaf Shapira. Forthcoming. “Legal Gender Quotas for Women in Israel: Why have All the Attempts for Reform Failed?” in Michal Shamir, Hanna Herzog and Naomi Chazan (eds.), The Gender Gap in Israel. Jerusalem: Van Leer Institute. (In Hebrew)

Oshri, Odelia, Reut Itzkovitch-Malka and Liran Harsgor. Forthcoming. “The Politics of Redistribution and Recognition: Feminist Consciousness and its Effect on Voting Behavior,” in Michal Shamir, Hanna Herzog and Naomi Chazan (eds.), The Gender Gap in Israel. Jerusalem: Van Leer Institute. (In Hebrew)

Itzkovitch-Malka, Reut and Assaf Shapira. 2013. “Political Parties in the Parliamentary Arena: Party Unity.” In Rahat, Gideon, Shlomit Barnea, Ofer Kenig and Chen Friedberg (eds.), Reforming Israel’s Political System. Jerusalem: Am Oved and the Israel Democracy Institute, pp. 251-273. (In Hebrew)

Itzkovitch-Malka, Reut and Assaf Shapira. 2013. “Regulating Political Parties and their Membership.” In Rahat, Gideon, Shlomit Barnea, Ofer Kenig and Chen Friedberg (eds.), Reforming Israel’s Political System. Jerusalem: Am Oved and the Israel Democracy Institute, pp.182-213. (In Hebrew)

Kenig, Ofer, Reut Itzkovitch-Malka, and Assaf Shapira. 2013. “Intra-Party Democracy.” In Rahat, Gideon, Shlomit Barnea, Ofer Kenig and Chen Friedberg (eds.), Reforming Israel’s Political System. Jerusalem: Am Oved and the Israel Democracy Institute, pp. 214-236. (In Hebrew)

Shapira, Assaf, Ofer Kenig, Chen Friedberg and Reut Itzkovitch-Malka. 2016. The Representation of Women in Israeli Politics: A Comparative Perspective. Jerusalem: Israel Democracy Institute.

Itzkovitch-Malka, Reut. 2014. The Representative Function of European Parties: MPs’ Attitudes toward the Party as Their Focus of Representation (working paper 131/2014). Jerusalem: European Forum at the Hebrew University and Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung.

“Delineating the Substantive Representation of Women: Interests, Issues and Preferences” (with Mateo Cohen)

“Members of Parliaments' Constituency Orientation in the Absence of Electoral Disticts: The Case of Extreme Proportional Electoral systems”

“The Gender Gap for Populist Parties: Extremism and Risk Aversion” (with Odelia Oshri, Liran Harsgor and Or Tuttnauer)

“Party Personnel Practices and Coalition Management in a Multiparty, Fragmented Setting: The Case of Israel” (with Matthew S. Shugart)

“Centripetal and Centrifugal Pressures in Coalition-Directed Voting” (with Liran Harsgor and Or Tuttnauer)

"Meeting halfway: on the possibility of bridging conservative women and feminist politics" (with Mateo Cohen)

“Can't Live with Them, Can't Live without Them: On the Perceptions of Political Parties by Legislators in Western Europe”

Itzkovitch-Malka, Reut and Mateo Cohen. 2019. “Delineating the Substantive Representation of Women: Interests, Issues and Preferences.” Presented at the European Conference on Politics and Gender, University of Amsterdam.

Oshri, Odelia, Liran Harsgor, Reut Itzkovitch-Malka and Or Tuttnauer. 2019. “The Gender Gap for Populist Parties: Extremism and Risk Aversion.” Presented at the European Conference on Politics and Gender, University of Amsterdam.

Itzkovitch-Malka, Reut and Matthew S. Shugart. 2018. “Party Personnel Practices and Coalition Management in a Multiparty, Fragmented Setting: The Case of Israel.” Presented at the 34th Annual Meeting of the Association for Israel Studies, UC Berkeley, CA.

Itzkovitch-Malka, Reut. 2016. “Gendering Security: The Substantive Representation of Women in the Israeli Parliament.” Presented at the Work and Family Researchers Network Conference, Washington DC.

Itzkovitch-Malka, Reut. 2016. “Electoral Systems and Their Effect on Geographically-based Representation: The Case of Extreme Proportional Electoral Systems.” Presented at the 3rd General Conference of the ECPR Standing Group on Parliaments, LMU University, Munich.

Itzkovitch-Malka, Reut. 2015. “How to Stop Private Legislation 'Gone Wild': Institutional Engineering in the Israeli Parliament.” Presented at the Strengthening Parliaments through Institutional Engineering workshop, Science Po, Paris.

2015  The 2015 Israeli Elections: Analysis and Consequences, Stanford University.

2015  The Substantive Representation of Women: A Global Perspective, Women's Community Center, Stanford University.

2015  Personal and Party Representation in Contemporary Europe: Effects on Intra-Party Dynamics, Center on Democracy, Development and the Rule of Law Research Seminar, Stanford University.

2014 The Israeli Political System: Strenghts, Weaknesses and Challenges, Stanford University.

My research interest centers on political representation from a comparative politics perspective, with a specific focus on two major topics: legislative studies and gender.


I am interested in the way institutions – such as the electoral system, the political party, or the legislative arena – shape elected representatives’ attitudes and behavior. My Ph.D thesis explored how elected representatives construct their perceptions of representation and the way such perceptions affect party unity. In a related paper (Itzkovitch-Malka and Hazan PS 2017) I analyzed the effect of electoral systems, candidate selection methods and the interplay between on party unity, showing that one must take into account the effect of inter- as well as intra-party competition, and the interaction between the two, in order to explain individual legislative goals and behavior. I also explore the effects of the electoral system on MPs’ constituency orientation, in system which lack electoral districts.


Another project I am engaged in deals with the collective memory of political parties. In this project we suggest a new approach for understanding the dynamic of domination loss in the parliamentary arena, which focuses on the intersection between political power and parties’ image in the political discourse (Itzkovitch-Malka et al. PP 2019).


While investigating a broad range of issues related to gender and politics – such as women’s descriptive representation, the adoption of gender quotas for women and the gender gap in voting – I specialize on women’s substantive representation. My research shows that women legislators tend to focus more on gender-related policy issues compared to male legislators, proving that under certain conditions, women’s descriptive representation indeed leads to their substantive representation. I explore the links between gender and national security in the legislative arena in Israel, and show how male and female legislators prioritize security differently, alongside other thematic policy areas (Itzkovitch-Malka and Friedberg EJWS 2018). In order to deepen our understanding of the substantive representation of women in Israel – an understudied research agenda in Israeli academy – I conduct a 3-year research project (2017-2020) focused on conceptually and empirically delineating the substantive representation of women in Israel and assessing its impact on the nature of Israeli democracy. This project is funded by the Israel Science Foundation (individual research grant #554/17).


In line with my interest in the relationship between gender and political behavior, I have taken part in a research team at the Van Leer Institute comprised of leading Israeli scholars and graduate students who study gender gaps in voting patterns. As part of this group I co-authored two papers. One dealing with the effect of feminist consciousness on vote choice, and the other dealing with the barriers for the introduction and implementation of electoral gender quotas.

2018- Introduction to Comparative Politics, Undergraduate

2019- Gender and Politics, Graduate

2019- Democracy and Feminism, Graduate

2020- Electoral Politics, Undergraduate