Home Page 

Dr. Noga Efrati, Senior Lecturer

Dr. Noga Efrati
Contact Info

The Open University The Dorothy De Rothschild Campus One University Road P.O.B. 808 Ra’anana 43107, Israel
Office:972-9-7783336 Email:nogaef@openu.ac.il

Additional Information

Areas of Interest
  • Social political and legal history of the Middle East
  • Women and gender in the Middle East


Senior Lecturer (Guest)

Senior Lecturer

 Women in Iraq: Past Meets Present (New York: Columbia University Press, 2012)

"Postage Stamp Iconography in Post-Invasion Iraq: Sect-Specific Symbols or Nationalist Imagery?," Nations and Nationalism, 28:4 (2018), 958-976.

"Women and Revolution in the Arab World: A View from Iraq," Ha-Mizrah Ha-Hadash, 58(2018), 151-174.

"The 'Sectarian Narrative', The 'Salvation Narrative', and the History of Women in Iraq," Zmanim, 136(2016), 78-89 [Hebrew]

 “Nationalist and Ethno-Sectarian Symbolism in Iraqi Stamps after Saddam,” HaMizrah Ha-Hadash, 2015 (in Hebrew).

 "Women, Democracy and Representation in Post-Invasion Iraq" Representation, 48:3 (2012), pp. 253-265.

 "The Effendiyya: Where Have All the Women Gone?," International Journal of Middle East Studies, 43 (May 2011), pp. 375-377.

 "Competing Narratives: Histories of the Women's Movement in Iraq, 1910-1958," International Journal of Middle East Studies, 40:3 (2008), pp. 445-466.

 "Negotiating Rights in Iraq: Women and the Personal Status Law," Middle East Journal, 59: 4(Autumn, 2005), pp. 577-595.

 "The Other 'Awakening' in Iraq: The Women's Movement in the First Half of the Twentieth Century," British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, 31:2 (November, 2004), pp. 153-173.

 "Productive or Reproductive? The Roles of Iraqi Women during the Iraq-Iran War," Middle Eastern Studies, 35(1999), pp. 27-44.

"History and Gender on Iraqi Postage Stamps, 1921-2011," in Meir Hatina and Israel Gershoni (eds.), Myth, History and Memory in Islamic Societies and in Israel, Resling, 2021, 271-307 (Hebrew).

"Re-living Yesterday's Battels: Women and Constitution-Making in Post-Saddam Iraq," in Ruth Rubio Marin and Helen Irving (eds.), Women as Constitution-Makers: Case Studies from the New Democratic Era (Cambridge University Press, 2019), 153-189.

"A Founding Moment in Iraq: A Gender Perspective," in Richard Albert, Menaka Guruswamy and Nishchal Basnyat (eds.), Founding Moments in Constitutionalism ( Hart Publishing, 2019), 223-238.

 “World War I and its Legacy for Women in Iraq,” in T.G. Fraser (ed.), The First World War and its Aftermath: The Shaping of the Middle East (Gingko Library/ University of Chicago press, 2015), 77-89.

 "Colonial Gender Discourse in Iraq: Constructing Non-Citizens," in Cyrus Schayegh and Andrew Arsan (eds.), The Routledge History Handbook of the Middle Eastern Mandates (London: Routledge, 2015), 157-169.

 "Back to Square One: Women's Rights in Post-Invasion Iraq" in Amnon Cohen and Noga Efrati (eds.) Post Saddam Iraq? New Realities, Old Identities, Changing Patterns (Sussex Academic Press, 2011), 171-186.

 "Women under the Monarchy: A Backdrop for post-2003 Events in Iraq," in Amatzia Baram, Ronen Zeidel and Achim Rhode (eds.) Iraq between Occupations: Perspectives from 1920 to the Present (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010), 115-125.

 "Al-Nahda al-Nisa’iyya: The Emergence of Women's Movements in the Middle East and the Case of Iraq", in Ruth Roded and Noga Efrati (eds.) Women and Gender in the Middle East in the Twentieth Century (Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 2008), pp. 27-52. (Hebrew)

 Ruth Roded and Noga Efrati, "Developments in the Study of Women and Gender in the Middle East: A Review," in Ruth Roded and Noga Efrati (eds.) Women and Gender in the Middle East in the Twentieth Century (Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 2008), pp. 1-6. (Hebrew)

 Gender, Tribe and the British Construction of Iraq," in Zach Levey and Elie Podeh (eds.), Britain and the Middle East (Sussex Academic Press, 2007), pp. 152-165.

 "The Study of Women and Gender in the Middle East: The Development of the Field and its Directions", in Ofra Bengio (ed.) Women in the Middle East: Between Tradition and Change (Tel Aviv: The Dayan Center, 2004), pp. 153-173. (Hebrew)

 "Women's Movements in the Middle East between the World Wars" in Haggai Erlich (ed.) The Middle East Between the World Wars (Tel Aviv: The Open University Press, 2003), Vol. 5, Unit 12, pp. 305-319. (Hebrew)

 Amnon Cohen and Noga Efrati (eds.) Post-Saddam Iraq: New Realities, Old Identities, Changing Patterns, Sussex Academic Press, 2011.

 Ruth Roded and Noga Efrati (eds.) Women and Gender in the Middle East in the Twentieth Century, Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 2008. (Hebrew)

 "Iraq" with Amatzia Baram and Ronen Zeidel, The Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity and Nationalism Blackwell-Wiley: Oxford, 2014.

 "Iraqi activists’ struggle under the American occupation," Encyclopedia of Women and Islamic Cultures (Suppl. IX: Muslim Women and Violent Political Protest), 2014. - 5988 words

Yahel Kurlander and Noga Efrati, "Our Herstory: Beit Hillel’s Founding Mothers," International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 37 4(2019), 573-581.

 "Will Iraq’s Proposed Law on Women and Personal Status further Derail Democracy There?" Informed Comment: Thoughts on the Middle East, History, and Religion. 28 March 2014.

 Amatzia Baram, Noga Efrati, David Mack, et al., "Iraq's Future: The War and Beyond - Panel Discussion," Middle East Review of International Affairs, 12 (June 2008).

 Gender in Iraqi Studies: Trans-local Actors and Knowledge Flows in Comparative Perspective, 6-8 May 2015, Center for Near and Middle Eastern Studies, Philipps-University of Marburg.
Title of proposed resentation: Continuity in the History of Women and Revolutions in Iraq

 "The First World War and its Aftermath: The Shaping of the Middle East," School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), London, 6-7 December, 2014.
Title of presentation: World War I and its Legacy for Women in Iraq

 "New Trends in the Historiography of the Middle East", The Truman Institute, 19 May 2013. Title of presentation: Nationalism, the Nation-State and Democracy in the Middle East: A View from Iraq.

 "Governing Ethnic Diversity in an Era of Transformation: The Middle East in Comparative Perspective", The Halbert Center for Canadian Studies, the Hebrew University, 10-11 December, 2012.
Title of presentation: The Politicization of Sectarianism in post-Saddam Iraq: Lessons for post-Uprising Middle Eastern Countries

 "American Occupation in Comparative Perspective: Japan and Iraq - Differences, Similarities and Theoretical Implications", on the occasion of the American troops' withdrawal from Iraq, The Harry S. Truman Research Institute for the Advancement of Peace, 13-14 March 2012.
Title of presentation: The U.S.–Iraq Security Agreement: Facing Ghosts of the Past.

 "The Middle East in Transition," The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Under the Auspices of the Ruth and Mordechai Abir Foundation, 14-15 March 2011.
Title of presentation: From Nuri al-Sa‘id to Nuri al-Maliki: National Leaders in Iraq

 "Gender, Peace and Security: Local Interpretations of International Norms," The Leonard Davis Institute for International Relations, The Hebrew University, 10-11 May, 2010.
Title of presentation: International Norms and the Debate over the Personal Status Law in Post-Invasion Iraq.

 "Iraq Today: Between Unity and Disintegration, The Truman Institute, 16-18 March, 2010.
Topic of presentation: The Occupation of Iraq: Social Implications

 "Islamic Law Facing the Challenges of the 21th Century," The Van Leer Jerusalem Institute, 19-21 October, 2009.
Topic of discussion: Civil Society and Legislation: Developments of the Human Rights Situation in Iran in 2008.

 "Gendered Memories: Cultural Representations, Local Practices, and Transnational Regimes in the Middle East and North Africa," Zentrum Moderner Orient (ZMO), Berlin, June 11-12, 2009.
Title of presentation: Unearthing Jewish and Palestinian Gendered Memories: Women‘s Historical Collection and Research Center –Haifa and Nazareth

 "US-Israeli Relations: Perspectives from Jerusalem and Washington," Bar-Ilan University, BESA Center, 6-7 May 2009.
Title of presentation:Viewing US Disengagement: Iraqi Perspectives.

 "The Sunni-Shi‘i Divide in History," Tel Aviv University, The Moshe Dayan Center and the Center for Iranian Studies, 4-5 June 2007.
Title of presentation: Rethinking Sunni-Shi‘i Relations in Iraq: the Conflict over the Personal Status Law.

 "Iraq: Past and Present," University of Haifa, Meir and Miriam Ezri Center for Iran and Persian Gulf Studies 11-13 March, 2007.
Title of presentation: Women under the Monarchy: A Backdrop for Post-2003 Events.

 "Britain and the Middle East," the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, the Harry S. Truman Research Institute for the Advancement of Peace, 20-22 June 2004.
Title of presentation: Gender, Tribe and the British Construction of Iraq.