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Tal Makovski, Associate Professor

Prof. Tal Makovski
Contact Info

The Open University of Israel Department of Education and Psychology One University Road P.O.B. 808 Ra’anana 43107, Israel
Office:972-9-7781714 Email:talmak@openu.ac.il

Areas Of Interest
  • Visual cognition
  • Attention
  • Visual working memory
  • Implicit visual learning

2015-present Open University of Israel, Department of Education and Psychology

Associate Professor 

2013-2015 Open University of Israel, Department of Education and Psychology

Visiting Faculty

2011-2013 College of Management Academic Studies, Department of Psychology

Senior Lecturer

2013  Bar Ilan University, Gonda Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center

Postdoctoral associate

2007-2011 University of Minnesota, Department of Psychology

Research associate

2005-2007 Harvard University, Department of Psychology

Postdoctoral associate

2000-2005 Tel Aviv University, Department of Psychology

M.A.  2004 Summa Cum Laude

Ph.D. 2005

1996-1999 Bar Ilan University, Psychology and Philosophy

B.A.  Magna Cum Laude 

2019-present
chair, Disciplinary committee, The Open University
2017-present
member, Research Authority Steering committee, The Open University
2016-2019
chair, Education and Psychology subcommittee. The Open University
2015-present
member of the Senate. The Open University
2014-present
member, Accreditation of Prior Studies committee. The Open University

Shoval, R., Luria, R., & Makovski, T. (2020). Bridging the gap between temporary memory and working memory: The role of stimuli distinctiveness. Journal of Experimental Psychology; Learning, Memory & Cognition, 46(7), 1258-1269.

Makovski, T., Michael, S., & Chajut, E. (2020). How does threatening stimulus affect the memory of the display? Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 73, 676-687.

Sahar, T., Sidi, Y., & Makovski, T. (2020). Metacognitive perspective of visual working memory with rich complex objects. Frontiers in Psychology: Cognition.

Sahar, T. & Makovski, T. (2019). Grab that face, hammer or line: No effect of hands position on visual memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 45, 936-950.

Makovski, T. (2019). Preparing for distraction: Attention is enhanced prior to the presentation of distractors. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 148(2), 221-236.

Hartshorne, J.K. & Makovski, T. (2019). The effect of working memory maintenance on long-term memoryMemory & Cognition, 47, 749-763.

Makovski, T. (2018). Testing effects in visual short-term memory: The case of object's size. Memory & Cognition, 46(7), 1136-1148.

Makovski, T. (2017). The open-object illusion: Size perception is greatly influenced by object boundaries. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 79(5), 1282-1289.

Makovski, T. (2017). Learning "what" and "where" in visual search Japanese Psychological Research. Special issue: "Search: A New Perspective to Understand Cognitive Dynamics".  59(2), 133-143.

Makovski, T. (2016).  What is the context of contextual cueing?  Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 23(6), 1982-1988.

 Makovski, T. (2016). Does proactive interference play a significant role in visual working memory tasks? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory & Cognition, 42(10), 1664-1672.

 Makovski, T. & Pertzov, Y. (2015). Attention and memory protection: Interactions between retrospective attention cueing and interference. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 68, 1735-1743.

 Makovski, T., & Lavidor, M. (2014). Stimulating occipital cortex enhances visual working memory consolidation. Behavioral Brain Research, 275, 84-87.

 Yashar, A., Makovski, T & Lamy, D. (2013). The role of motor response in implicit encoding: Evidence from intertrial priming in pop-out search. Vision Research, 93, 80-87.

Makovski, T., Jiang, Y.V. & Swallow, K.M. (2013). How do observer's responses affect visual long-term memory? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 39, 1097-1105.

Swallow, K.M., Makovski, T., & Jiang, Y.V. (2012). The selection of events in time enhances activity throughout early visual cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology, 108, 3239-3252.

Makovski, T. (2012). Are multiple visual short-term memory storages necessary to explain the retro-cue effect? Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 19, 470-476.

Lahav, A. Makovski, T., & Tsal, Y. (2012).  White bear everywhere: Exploring the boundaries of the attentional white bear phenomenon. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, 74, 661-673.

Makovski, T., Swallow, K.M., & Jiang, Y.V. (2011). Attending to unrelated targets boosts short term memory for color arrays. Neuropsychologia, 49, 1498-1505.

Makovski, T. & Jiang, Y.V. (2011). Investigating the role of response in spatial context learning. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 64, 1563-1579.

Makovski, T., Watson, L.M., Koutstaal, W., & Jiang, Y.V. (2010). Method matters: Systematic effects of testing procedure on visual working memory sensitivity. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 36, 1466-1479.

Makovski, T., Swallow, K.M., & Jiang, Y.V. (2010). The visual attractor illusion.  Journal of Vision, 10, 1-16.

Makovski, T., & Jiang, Y.V. (2010). Contextual cost: When a visual-search target is not where it should be. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 63, 216-225.

Makovski, T., & Jiang, Y.V. (2009). The role of visual working memory in attentive tracking of unique objects. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 35, 1687-1697.

Mednick, S.C., Makovski, T., Cai, D. & Jiang, Y.V. (2009). Sleep and rest facilitate implicit memory in a visual search task. Vision Research, 49, 2557-2565.

Makovski, T., & Jiang, Y.V. (2009). Feature binding in attentive tracking of distinct objects. Visual Cognition, 17, 180-194.

Jiang, Y.V., Shim, W.M., & Makovski, T. (2008). Visual working memory for line orientations and face identities. Perception & Psychophysics, 70(8), 1581-1591.

Makovski, T., & Jiang, Y.V. (2008). Indirect assessment of visual working memory for simple and complex objects. Memory & Cognition, 36(6), 1132-1143.

Makovski , T., Vázquez , G.A., & Jiang, Y.V. (2008). Visual learning in multiple object tracking. Public Library of Science ONE, 3(5), e2228. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0002228.

Makovski, T., Sussman, R, & Jiang, Y.V. (2008). Orienting attention in visual working memory reduces interference from memory probes. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 34(2), 369-380.

Makovski, T., & Jiang, Y.V. (2008). Proactive interference from items previously stored in visual working memory. Memory & Cognition, 36(1), 43-52.

Makovski, T., & Jiang, Y.V. (2007). Distributing versus focusing attention in visual short-term memory. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 14, 1072-1078.

Rausei, V., Makovski, T., & Jiang, Y.V. (2007). Attention dependency in implicit learning of repeated search context. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 60(10), 1321-1328.

Tsal, Y., & Makovski, T. (2006). The attentional white bear phenomenon: the mandatory allocation of attention to expected distractor locations. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 32, 351-363.

Makovski, T., Shim, W.M., & Jiang, Y.V. (2006). Interference from filled delays on visual change detection. Journal of Vision, 6, 1459-1470.

Makovski, T. (2016). Visual Cognition, a student's guide (in Hebrew).

"On the precedence of features vs. dimensions: Features and dimensions are inherently inseparable" (2006). Tel Aviv University. Advisor: Prof. Yehoshua Tsal

Jiang, Y.V., Makovski, T., & Shim, W.M. (2009). Visual memory for features, conjunctions, objects, and locations. In J.R. Brockmole (Ed.), The Visual World in Memory (pp. 33-65). Hove, UK: Psychology Press.

Makovski, T., Hommel, B. & Humphreys, G. (2014). Early and Late Selection: Effects of Load, Dilution and Salience. Introduction to a Research Topic in Frontiers in Psychology: Cognition.

Makovski, T. & Chajut, E. (2020). Preparing for threat: Attention is enhanced prior to any upcoming stimulus, regardless of its emotionality. Paper presented at the Israeli Conference on Cognition Research, Akko, Israel

Sahar, T., Lamy, D., Yeshurun, Y, & Makovski, T. (2020). Revisiting the consequences of spatial attention. Paper presented at the Israeli Conference on Cognition Research, Akko, Israel.

Shoval, R., & Makovski, T. (2020). The problem of meaning: Meaningful stimuli alter visual working memory performance. Paper presented at the Israeli Conference on Cognition Research, Akko, Israel.

Amsalem, N., & Makovski, T. (2020). The role of load in learning spatial regularities. Paper presented at the Israeli Conference on Cognition Research, Akko, Israel.

Shoval, R., & Makovski, T. (2019). The problem of meaning: Meaningful stimuli alter visual working memory performance. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Montreal, Canada.

Shoval, R., & Makovski, T. (2019). The problem of meaning: Meaningful stimuli alter visual working memory performance. Paper presented at Object Perception, Attention and Memory (OPAM), Montreal, Canada.

Makovski, T., & Chajut, E. (2019). Alert: Attention is enhanced prior to any upcoming stimulus, regardless of emotionality.  Paper presented at the European Society of Cognitive Psychology, Tenerife, Spain.  

Makovski, T., Michael, S., & Chajut, E. (2019). How does a threatening stimulus affect the memory of the display? Paper presented at the International Convention of Psychological Science, Paris, France.

Makovski, T. (2019). When did that happen? No cost for dividing attention between space and time. Paper presented at the Israeli Conference on Cognition Research, Akko, Israel.

Shoval, R., Luria, R., & Makovski, T. (2019). Is there proactive interference in visual working memory tasks when strict visual processing is forced? Testing the effects of objects' semantics and heterogeneity. Paper presented at the Israeli Conference on Cognition Research, Akko, Israel.

Sahar, T., Sidi, Y., & Makovski, T. (2019). A metacognitive perspective on visual working memory: The strange case of object amnesia. Paper presented at the Israeli Conference on Cognition Research, Akko, Israel.

Makovski, T. (2018). Testing effects in visual short-term memory: The case of an object's size. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, New Orleans, LA.

Sahar, T. *, Lamy, D., & Makovski, T. (2018). Modeling Posner's validity effect reveals fewer guesses, but not enhanced precision. Paper presented at Object Perception, Attention and Memory (OPAM), New Orleans, LA. *Student received OPAM travel award

Sahar, T. *, Lamy, D., & Makovski, T. (2018). Modeling Posner's validity effect reveals fewer guesses, but not enhanced precision. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, New Orleans, LA. *Student received Psychonomics graduate travel award

Makovski, T. (2018). Preparing for Distraction: Attention is enhanced prior to the presentation of distractors. Paper presented at the international meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

 Makovski, T. (2018). Preparing for Distraction: Attention is enhanced prior to the presentation of distractors. Paper presented at the Israeli Conference on Cognition Research, Akko, Israel.

Sahar, T. & Makovski, T. (2018). Looking at attention: Modeling Posner’s validity effect reveals reduced guessing but not perceptual enhancement. Paper presented at the Israeli Conference on Cognition Research, Akko, Israel.

Liviatan, I. & Makovski, T. (2018). The Self-Prioritization effect revisited: A Hierarchy in memory interpretation. Paper presented at the Israeli Conference on Cognition Research, Akko, Israel.

Ziblat-Shay, Y., & Makovski, T. (2018). Objecthood before trees, Subitizing before forest: Does perceptual organization affect Subitizing? Paper presented at the Israeli Conference on Cognition Research, Akko, Israel.

Makovski, T. (2017). The open-object illusion: Size inflation effects in perception and in visual short-term memory. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Vancouver, Canada.

Sahar, T. & Makovski, T. (2017). Grab that face, hammer or line: No effect of hands position on visual memory. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Vancouver, Canada.

Sahar, T. & Makovski, T. (2017). Grab that face, hammer or line: No effect of hands position on visual memory. Paper presented at Object Perception, Attention and Memory (OPAM), Vancouver, Canada.

Makovski, T. (2017). The open-object illusion: Object boundaries greatly influence size perception and memory. Paper presented at the Israeli Conference on Cognition Research, Akko, Israel.

Sahar, T. & Makovski, T. (2017). Grab that face: The near-hands effect and visual memory. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Israeli Society for Cognitive Psychology, Akko, Israel.

Michael, S., Makovski, T. & Chajut, E. (2017). How do emotional stimuli alter the way the visual field is processed? Paper presented at the Israeli Conference on Cognition Research, Akko, Israel.

Ravreby, I., Makovski, T., & Ben-Yehuda, G. (2017). Are you sure? Memory and confidence level for definitive versus uncertain answers.  Paper presented at the Israeli Conference on Cognition Research, Akko, Israel.

Makovski, T. (2016). No meaning in learning: Contextual cueing relies on objects' visual features and not semantics.  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Boston, MA.

Makovski, T. (2016). What is the context of contextual cueing? Paper presented at the International Congress of Psychology, Yokohama, Japan.

Makovski, T. (2016). On the role of proactive interference in visual working memory tasks. Paper presented at the international meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Granada, Spain.

Makovski, T. (2016). What is the context of contextual cueing? Paper presented at the Israeli Conference on Cognition Research, Akko, Israel.

Ravreby, I., Makovski, T. & Ben-Yehuda, G. (2016). Are categories of answers remembered differently? Memory and confidence level of definitive vs. uncertain answers. Paper presented at the Israeli Conference on Cognition Research, Akko, Israel.

Makovski, T. (2015). "What" and "where" in visual context learning. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Vision Sciences Society, St. Pete Beach, FL. 

Makovski, T. (2015). "What" and "where" in visual context learning. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, NYC, NY.

Makovski, T. (2015). Working memory and long-term memory: A two-way street. Paper presented at the Israeli Conference on Cognition Research, Akko, Israel.

Makovski, T., & Lavidor, M. (2014). Stimulating occipital cortex enhances visual working memory consolidation. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Israel Society for Neuroscience, Eilat, Israel.

Makovski, T. & Pertzov, Y. (2014). Modeling the effects of interference and attention on visual working memory. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Long beach, California.

Makovski, T. & Pertzov, Y. (2014). Modeling the effects of attention on visual working memory. Paper presented at the Israeli Conference on Cognition Research, Akko, Israel.

Makovski, T., Jiang, Y.V. & Swallow, K.M. (2013). How do observer's responses affect visual long-term memory?  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Toronto, Canada.

Yashar, A., Makovski, T., & Lamy, D. (2012). The role of motor response during feature repetition priming: Evidence for automatic encoding of search relevant information.  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Vision Sciences Society, Naples, FL.

Swallow, K.M., Makovski, T., & Jiang Y.V. (2011). Goal-relevant auditory events enhance activity in primary visual cortex. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience, Washington, D.C.

Swallow, K.M., Makovski, T., & Jiang Y.V. (2011). Detecting goal-relevant events boosts activity in primary visual cortex.  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Vision Sciences Society, Naples, FL.

Makovski, T., Watson, L.M., Koutstaal, W., & Jiang, Y.V. (2010). Method matters: Systematic effects of testing procedure on visual working memory sensitivity. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, St. Louis, MO.

Swallow, K.M., Makovski, T., & Jiang Y.V. (2010). Tracking the attentional boost effect in high-level visual areas.  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, St. Louis, MO.

Makovski, T. Swallow, K.M., & Jiang Y.V. (2010). The visual attractor illusion.  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Vision Sciences Society, Naples, FL.

Makovski, T. Swallow, K.M., & Jiang Y.V. (2009). The visual attractor illusion.  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Boston, MA.

Makovski, T. Swallow, K.M., & Jiang Y.V. (2009). The role of attention in the visual attractor illusion.  Paper presented at the workshop in Object Perception, Attention and Memory (OPAM), Boston, MA.

Makovski, T. & Jiang Y.V. (2009). Contextual cost: When the target is not where it should be.  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Vision Sciences Society, Naples, FL.

Mednick, S.C., Makovski, T., Cai, D. & Jiang, Y.V. (2009). Hippocampal-dependent implicit visual memory improves with practice, not sleep. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Vision Sciences Society, Naples, FL.

Swallow, K., Makovski, T. & Jiang Y.V. (2009). The attentional boost effect. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Vision Sciences Society, Naples, FL.

Makovski, T. & Jiang Y.V. (2008). Feature binding in attentive tracking of distinct objects.  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Chicago, Illinois.

Makovski, T. & Jiang Y.V. (2008) Unique surface features are held in visual working memory to facilitate attentive tracking.  Paper presented at the workshop in Object Perception, Attention and Memory (OPAM), Chicago, Illinois.

Makovski, T. & Jiang Y.V. (2008). The interdependence between multiple attentional foci in attentive tracking. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Vision Sciences Society, Naples, FL.

Jiang, Y.V., Vázquez, G.A., & Makovski, T. (2008). Visual learning in multiple object tracking. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Vision Sciences Society, Naples, FL.

Makovski, T. & Jiang Y.V. (2007). Indirect assessment of visual working memory for simple and complex objects. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Long beach, California.

Jiang, Y.V., Shim, W.M. & Makovski, T.  (2007). Dissecting effects of complexity and similarity on visual working memory. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Long beach, California.

Makovski, T. & Jiang Y.V. (2007). Proactive interference from items previously stored in visual short term memory. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Vision Sciences Society, Sarasota, FL.

Makovski, T. & Jiang Y.V. (2006). Orienting attention to objects in visual short term memory. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Houston, Texas.

Shen, Y.J., Makovski, T. & Jiang, Y. (2006). Short-term visual memory for motion paths. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Vision Sciences Society, Sarasota, FL.

Makovski, T. (2004). Features and dimensions are inherently inseparable. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Israeli Society for Cognitive Psychology, Bar-Ilan, Israel.

Makovski, T. & Tsal, Y (2004). Features and dimensions are inherently inseparable. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Tsal, Y. & Makovski, T. (2004). Uncertainty of distractors locations reduces interference: The attentional white bear hypothesis. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Frontiers in Psychology: Cognition (2014): "Early and late selection: Effects of load, dilution and salience"

Visual cognition, Attention, Visual working memory, Implicit visual learning

  • 2018-present  Attention and Cognition Lecturer
  • 2017-present  Visual Cognition Academic Supervisor
  • 2014-present  Research Methods in Social Sciences Academic Supervisor
  • 2014-present  Research Experience, Regression and ANOVA Academic Supervisor
  • 2014-2016  Visual Attention Academic Supervisor
  • 2014-2016, 2019- present  Cognitive Psychology Academic Supervisor
  • 2013  Statistics for executives   College of Management Academic Studies
  • 2011-2013 Experimental Psychology   The Center for Academic Studies
  • 2011-2013 Methods and Approaches   The Center for Academic Studies
  • 2012  Introduction to Statistics    The Center for Academic Studies
  • 2012  Topics in Visual Attention   The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
  • 2004-2005 Experimental Psychology   Tel Aviv University
  • 2018-present  Dr. Roy Shoval  Post-doc
  • 2019-present  Tomer Sahar  Ph.D.   (Co-supervisor: Prof. Yaffa Yeshurun, Haifa University)
  • 2018-present  Nadav Amsalem  M.A
  • 2016-2018  Tomer Sahar  M.A. (Co-supervisor: Prof. Dominique Lamy, Tel Aviv University)